National Democratic Congress (NDC)

Stories and facts

Founding of the National Democratic Congress (NDC)

The National Democratic Congress (NDC) stands as a prominent social democratic political party in Ghana, with its roots traced back to the leadership of Jerry Rawlings. Rawlings served as the Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and later as the President from 1993 to 2001. The party's formation was in response to international pressure for the restoration of democracy after the establishment of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) following a military coup d'état on December 31, 1981. The NDC emerged as the ruling party, paving the way for elections in 1992, where Rawlings was elected president. His subsequent re-election in 1996 marked the continuation of the NDC's influence until the end of Rawlings' second term in 2001.

Party logo and colours

The NDC's distinctive symbol is an umbrella featuring the head of a dove at the top. This emblem reflects the party's identity and values, symbolizing a protective and unifying force in the political landscape of Ghana. The party is characterized by a vibrant combination of red, white, green, and black as its official colors. These colors serve as visual representations of the NDC's ideals and aspirations.

Party executives

The NDC's leadership has seen notable figures taking charge over the years. As of the most recent update in 2018, the National Executives include Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo as National Chairman, Chief Sofo Azorka as First Vice Chairman, Sherry Ayitey as Second Vice Chairperson, Alhaji Said Sinare as Third Vice Chairman, and Johnson Asiedu-Nketia as General Secretary, among others.

Constitution of the party

A significant milestone in the NDC's history was the pivotal role it played in establishing the 1992 constitution of Ghana. This achievement underscores the party's commitment to democratic governance.

Election History

1992 and 1996 Elections

The NDC played a pivotal role in the successful transition to multi-party competition in 1992, showcasing an instance of authoritarian-led democratization. The party emerged victorious in both the 1992 and 1996 elections, consolidating its position in Ghana's political landscape.

2000 Elections

The 2000 election marked a shift, as it was the first presidential election without the incumbent president on the ballot. John Atta Mills became the NDC's presidential candidate, but the party faced defeat as the New Patriotic Party's John Kufour secured victory after two rounds of voting.

2004 Elections

In 2004, despite advocating for "A Better Ghana" in its manifesto, the NDC faced another electoral setback. John Atta Mills, the party's candidate, secured 44.6% of the vote but lost to the New Patriotic Party. The NDC obtained only 94 seats in the general elections.

2008 Elections

The 2008 elections saw John Atta Mills elected as the NDC's candidate with a resounding majority. He subsequently won the presidential election, becoming the President of Ghana in January 2009.

2012 Transfer of power

The sudden demise of President John Atta Mills in 2012 led to the transfer of power to Vice President John Dramani Mahama, who was sworn in as the president. Mahama became the NDC's presidential candidate in the subsequent elections.

2016 Primaries and 2020 Elections

In 2016, President John Dramani Mahama was endorsed to lead the NDC in the general elections. However, the party faced defeat. In 2020, ahead of the elections, Mahama was once again confirmed as the NDC's candidate, but he lost to the incumbent president, Nana Akufo-Addo.


The NDC has seen various flagbearers over the years, with notable figures like Jerry Rawlings, John Atta Mills, and John Dramani Mahama leading the party in different election cycles.

Governments formed

Since its inception, the NDC has formed three governments: the Rawlings government (1993–2001), the Mills government (2009–2012), and the Mahama government (2012–2017).

National Executives (2018 to Present)

The current National Executives, as of 2018, include Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo, Chief Sofo Azorka, Sherry Ayitey, Alhaji Said Sinare, Johnson Asiedu-Nketia, Madam Barbara Serwaa Asamoah, Peter Boamah Otokonor, Joshua Hamido Akamba, Kobby Barlon, Chief Hamilton Biney Nixon, Sammy Gyamfi, Kwaku Boahene, Godwin Ako Gunn, Alhaji Mamah Mohammed, Madam Evelyn Enyonam Mensa, Alhaji Adramani Haribu, Sheriff Abdul Nasiru, Alhaji Babanlame Abu Sadat, and Mr. William Wilson Agbleke.

Death of the founder

In memory of Jerry Rawlings, the founder of the party, who passed away on November 12, 2020, the NDC held a vigil to honour his legacy.

Electoral History

Presidential Elections

The NDC's performance in presidential elections has been marked by victories and defeats. Notable results include Jerry Rawlings' successful elections in 1992 and 1996, John Atta Mills' loss in 2000, and John Dramani Mahama's victory in 2012, among others.

Parliamentary Elections

The NDC's influence in parliamentary elections has varied over the years. The party experienced supermajority government status in 1992, majority government status in subsequent years, and periods in opposition.

The National Democratic Congress, with its rich history, has played a significant role in shaping Ghana's political landscape. From its founding principles to its involvement in elections and governance, the NDC continues to be a key player in the democratic process of the country.



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